Take Care Of Your Heart

by | Dec 2, 2013

Dr.Devi Shetty, Narayana Hrudayalaya (Heart Specialist) Bangalore was arranged by WIPRO for chat with its employees. The transcript of the chat is given below. Useful for everyone.

Question:

What are the thumb rules for a layman to take care of his heart?
Answer:

1. Diet – Less of carbohydrate, more of protein, less oil
2. Exercise – Half an hour’s walk, at least five days a week;
avoid lifts and
avoid sitting for a longtime
3. Quit smoking
4. Control weight
5. Control BP – Blood pressure and Sugar

Question:

Is eating non-veg food (fish) good for the heart?
Answer:

No

Question:

It’s still a grave shock to hear that some apparently healthy person
gets a cardiac arrest. How do we understand it in perspective?
Answer:

This is called silent attack; that is why we recommend everyone past the age of 30 to undergo routine health checkups.

Question:

Are heart diseases hereditary?
Answer:

Yes

Question:

What are the ways in which the heart is stressed? What practices do you suggest to de-stress?
Answer:

Change your attitude towards life. Do not look for perfection in everything in life.

Question:

Is walking better than jogging or is more intensive exercise required to keep a healthy heart?
Answer:

Walking is better than jogging, since jogging leads to early fatigue and injury to joints.

Question:

You have done so much for the poor and needy. What has inspired you to do so?
Answer:

Mother Theresa, who was my patient.

Question:

Can people with low blood pressure suffer heart diseases?
Answer:

Extremely rare.

Question:

Does cholesterol accumulates right from an early age (I’m currently only 22) or do you have to worry about it only after you are above 30 years of age?
Answer:

Cholesterol accumulates from childhood.

Question:

How do irregular eating habits affect the heart ?
Answer:

You tend to eat junk food when the habits are irregular and your body’s enzyme release for digestion gets confused.

Question:

How can I control cholesterol content without using medicines?
Answer:

Control diet, walk and eat walnut.

Question:

Which is the best and worst food for the heart?
Answer:

Fruits and vegetables are the best and oilis the worst.

Question:

Which oil is better – groundnut, sunflower, olive?
Answer:

All oils are bad.

Question:

What is the routine checkup one should go through? Is there any specific test?
Answer:

Routine blood test to ensure sugar, cholesterol is ok. Check BP, Treadmill test after an echo.

Question:

What are the first aid steps to be taken on a heart attack?
Answer:

Help the person into a sleeping position, place an aspirin tablet under the tongue with a sorbitrate tablet if available, and rush him to a coronary care unit, since the maximum casualty takes place within the first hour.

Question:

How do you differentiate between pain caused by a heart attack and that caused due to gastric trouble?
Answer:

Extremely difficult without ECG.

Question:

What is the main cause of a steep increase in heart problems amongst youngsters? I see people of about 30-40 yrs of age having heart attacks and serious heart problems.
Answer:

Increased awareness has increased incidents. Also, sedentary lifestyles, smoking, junk food, lack of exercise in a country where people are genetically three times more vulnerable for heart attacks than Europeans and Americans.

Question:

Is it possible for a person to have BP outside the normal range of 120/80 and yet be perfectly healthy?
Answer:

Yes.

Question:

Marriages within close relatives can lead to heart problems for the child. Is it true?
Answer :

Yes, co-sanguinity leads to congenital abnormalities and you may NOT have a software engineer as a child

Question:

Many of us have an irregular daily routine and many a times we have to stay late nights in office. Does this affect our heart? What precautions would you recommend?
Answer:

When you are young, nature protects you against all these irregularities. However, as you grow older, respect the biological clock.

Question:

Will taking anti-hypertensive drugs cause some other complications (short/long term)?
Answer:

Yes, most drugs have some side effects. However, modern anti-hypertensive drugs are extremely safe.

Question:

Will consuming more coffee/tea lead to heart attacks?
Answer:

No.

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